Following the cruise to Greenland and the Canadian Atlantic Provinces, I spent a day in Boston, eating seafood, and then proceeded onward to the Canadian Maritime Provinces. This was a cruise on my old favorite, Norwegian Cruise Line, that I thoroughly enjoyed. The timing was a bit early for the glorious fall tree colors, but heading north revealed them in the forests of Quebec—as well as almost sleety cold rain in Sydney, Nova Scotia.

  Nova Scotia is the second-smallest of Canada's ten provinces, and is a peninsula nearly surrounded by salt water with over 3800 coastal islands including Cape Breton Island. In 1605, French colonists established the first permanent European settlement in the future Canada (and the first north of Florida) at Port Royal, founding what would become known as Acadia. Catholic Mi'kmaq and Acadians formed the majority of the population of the colony for the next 150 years, while almost constant war between Britain and France surged around them. The British conquest of Acadia took place in 1710 and the capital was established at Halifax. In 1755 the vast majority of French Acadians was forcibly removed in the Expulsion of the Acadians; again in 1758, after the fall of Louisbourg, another 3,000 Acadians were deported. The Acadians were dispersed to the Thirteen Colonies, Britain, and France, and some of them formed the core population in Louisiana known today as Cajuns. The economic and cultural life of Nova Scotians has always been tied to the sea and many of the area's attractions are connected with the nearby bays and ocean.

  New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island were also part of the French colony of Acadia and suffered the same Expulsion of the Acadians in the mid-18th century. Much of New Brunswick is heavily forested on the hills of the northern end of the Appalachian Mountains. Its most distinctive feature is undoubtedly the Bay of Fundy, which has some of the most extreme tides in the world, averaging 55 feet (16.8 m) twice each day. Prince Edward Island, to the east of New Brunswick, is the smallest province in both land area and population. It is relatively low with rolling pastoral hills, long beaches of red and white sand, large expanses of dunes and marshes, and many bays and coves. Unfortunately, I somehow lost my photos of Charlottetown, PEI, and Gaspesie, Quebec, so those ports will remain in my memory only.

  Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. In 1534, Breton explorer Jacques Cartier planted a cross in the Gaspé Peninsula and claimed the land in the name of French King Francis I. French explorer Samuel de Champlain chose the name Québec in 1608 for the colonial outpost he would use as the administrative seat for the French colony of New France. The French population grew slowly, and British colonists established fur trading posts. By 1756, France and Britain were battling the Seven Years' War worldwide. In 1758, the British mounted an attack on New France by sea and took the French fort at Louisbourg. On September 13, 1759, the British forces of General James Wolfe defeated those of French General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm on the Plains of Abraham outside Quebec City, and France ceded its North American possessions to Great Britain through the Treaty of Paris (1763). Quebec City is a lovely place with lots of Old World charm.

  The port stops in the USA were not very interesting: Portland, Maine, seemed deserted during my walk through the Old Port District; and in Bar Harbor, Maine, I chose to take a whale-watching excursion which was only mildly successful. Overall, though, the cruise was an enjoyable experience and a good introduction to this area of Canada.

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23 Sep 2016......Boston, Massachusetts: Embark Norwegian Dawn

24 Sep...............Portland, Maine, USA

25 Sep...............Halifax and Peggy's Cove, Nova Scotia, Canada

26 Sep...............Day at sea

27 Sep...............Charlottetown, PEI, CA

28 Sep...............Gaspesie, Quebec, CA

29 Sep...............La Baie and Saguenay Fjord, Quebec, CA

30 Sep...............Quebec City, Quebec, CA

  1 Oct................Quebec City, Quebec, CA

  2 Oct................Day at sea

  3 Oct................Louisbourg, Nova Scotia, CA

  4 Oct................Halifax and Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, CA

  5 Oct................Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick/Nova Scotia, CA

  6 Oct................Bar Harbor, Maine, USA

  7 Oct................Disembark Norwegian Dawn

  7 Oct................Boston Logan  BOS — Pittsburgh  PIT

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WORLD HERITAGE SITES

Old Quebec

Old Lunenberg

PORTLAND, ME, USA—street in the Old Port District
PORTLAND, ME, USA—street in the Old Port District
PORTLAND—the Old Port was revitalized in the 1970's
PORTLAND—the Old Port was revitalized in the 1970's
PORTLAND—many old brick buildings are now condos, expensive restaurants, and trendy shops
PORTLAND—many old brick buildings are now condos, expensive restaurants, and trendy shops
PORTLAND—much of the 19th century architecture was preserved
PORTLAND—much of the 19th century architecture was preserved
PORTLAND—lovingly detailed brick building
PORTLAND—lovingly detailed brick building
HALIFAX, NOVA SCOTIA—entrance to Harbourwalk with a sculpture honoring immigrants
HALIFAX, NOVA SCOTIA—entrance to Harbourwalk with a sculpture honoring immigrants
HALIFAX—Harbourwalk is a 3 km boardwalk starting at the cruise ship seaport
HALIFAX—Harbourwalk is a 3 km boardwalk starting at the cruise ship seaport
HALIFAX—pleasure boats in the harbor
HALIFAX—pleasure boats in the harbor
HALIFAX—the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic is central on the boardwalk
HALIFAX—the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic is central on the boardwalk
HALIFAX—monument to Samuel Cunard, Halifax native and founder of Cunard Line
HALIFAX—monument to Samuel Cunard, Halifax native and founder of Cunard Line
HALIFAX—monument with Lion of Venice honoring John Cabot's landing in Canada in 1497
HALIFAX—monument with Lion of Venice honoring John Cabot's landing in Canada in 1497
HALIFAX—monument to Le Grand Derangement, the expulsion of the Acadians
HALIFAX—monument to Le Grand Derangement, the expulsion of the Acadians
HALIFAX—contemporary sculptural lampposts on the boardwalk
HALIFAX—contemporary sculptural lampposts on the boardwalk
HALIFAX—George's Island, where Acadians were imprisoned during the Expulsion
HALIFAX—George's Island, where Acadians were imprisoned during the Expulsion
HALIFAX—Fairview Lawn Cemetery has 121 graves of RMS Titanic victims
HALIFAX—Fairview Lawn Cemetery has 121 graves of RMS Titanic victims
HALIFAX—most of the victims are unidentified
HALIFAX—most of the victims are unidentified
HALIFAX—gravestone of unknown child, identified as Sidney Goodwin in 2008
HALIFAX—gravestone of unknown child, identified as Sidney Goodwin in 2008
PEGGY'S COVE, NOVA SCOTIA—a small fishing village, now a major tourist destination
PEGGY'S COVE, NOVA SCOTIA—a small fishing village, now a major tourist destination
PEGGY'S COVE—some fishing and lobstering is still done from the toen
PEGGY'S COVE—some fishing and lobstering is still done from the toen
PEGGY'S COVE—artists and photographers flock here for the scenic area
PEGGY'S COVE—artists and photographers flock here for the scenic area
PEGGY'S COVE—this 30 ft carving in granite bedrock honors the Nova Scotian fishermen
PEGGY'S COVE—this 30 ft carving in granite bedrock honors the Nova Scotian fishermen
PEGGY'S COVE—memorial to Swissair Flight 111, which crashed in 1998 in a nearby bay
PEGGY'S COVE—memorial to Swissair Flight 111, which crashed in 1998 in a nearby bay
PEGGY'S COVE—Peggy's Cove Lighthouse, established 1868, atop the rugged coastline
PEGGY'S COVE—Peggy's Cove Lighthouse, established 1868, atop the rugged coastline
PEGGY'S COVE—the iconic shot of the lighthouse and passing sailboat
PEGGY'S COVE—the iconic shot of the lighthouse and passing sailboat
PEGGY'S COVE—a jumble of rocks and tidal pools at the lighthouse
PEGGY'S COVE—a jumble of rocks and tidal pools at the lighthouse
PEGGY'S COVE—watching the sailboats glide past
PEGGY'S COVE—watching the sailboats glide past
LUNENBURG, NOVA SCOTIA—the harbor and town, a World Heritage Site since 1995
LUNENBURG, NOVA SCOTIA—the harbor and town, a World Heritage Site since 1995
LUNENBURG—St. John's Anglican Church, established 1754, as rebuilt after a fire in 2001
LUNENBURG—St. John's Anglican Church, established 1754, as rebuilt after a fire in 2001
LUNENBURG—a planned steeple was never built
LUNENBURG—a planned steeple was never built
LUNENBURG—the original structure was built from a Boston MA disassembled church dated c. 1755
LUNENBURG—the original structure was built from a Boston MA disassembled church dated c. 1755
LUNENBURG—Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church, established 1772, present High Victorian Gothic building 1890
LUNENBURG—Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church, established 1772, present High Victorian Gothic building 1890
LUNENBURG—Lunenburg Academy, 1893-95, is an eclectic Victorian wood building still used as a primary school
LUNENBURG—Lunenburg Academy, 1893-95, is an eclectic Victorian wood building still used as a primary school
LUNENBURG—Allan Morash House. One of many 19th century houses preserved in the Historic District
LUNENBURG—Allan Morash House. One of many 19th century houses preserved in the Historic District
LUNENBURG—another fine Victorian house
LUNENBURG—another fine Victorian house
LUNENBURG—UNESCO considers the site the best example of planned British colonial settlement in North America
LUNENBURG—UNESCO considers the site the best example of planned British colonial settlement in North America
LUNENBURG—buildings at the harbor have a new life as shops and restaurants
LUNENBURG—buildings at the harbor have a new life as shops and restaurants
LUNENBURG—a schooner built in 1963, Bluenose II docks here but sails as a goodwill ambassador
LUNENBURG—a schooner built in 1963, Bluenose II docks here but sails as a goodwill ambassador
NEW BRUNSWICK—the lakes and forests of the province stretch to the horizon
NEW BRUNSWICK—the lakes and forests of the province stretch to the horizon
NEW BRUNSWICK—
NEW BRUNSWICK—
NEW BRUNSWICK—the leaves were just starting to turn
NEW BRUNSWICK—the leaves were just starting to turn
NEW BRUNSWICK—the coastline has many sheer cliffs
NEW BRUNSWICK—the coastline has many sheer cliffs
NEW BRUNSWICK—weather-beaten trees on the coast
NEW BRUNSWICK—weather-beaten trees on the coast
BAY OF FUNDY, NEW BRUNSWICK—informative sign at the bay
BAY OF FUNDY, NEW BRUNSWICK—informative sign at the bay
BAY OF FUNDY—this entire cove is filled to the top at high tide
BAY OF FUNDY—this entire cove is filled to the top at high tide
BAY OF FUNDY—at sea level, many rocks have been carved into spires
BAY OF FUNDY—at sea level, many rocks have been carved into spires
BAY OF FUNDY—my feets with the tide coming in
BAY OF FUNDY—my feets with the tide coming in
SAGUENAY FJORD NATIONAL PARK, QUEBEC—the harbor at Tadousac, on the St. Lawrence River
SAGUENAY FJORD NATIONAL PARK, QUEBEC—the harbor at Tadousac, on the St. Lawrence River
SAGUENAY FJORD—carved by glaciers, the fjord extends 65 miles (105 km) inland
SAGUENAY FJORD—carved by glaciers, the fjord extends 65 miles (105 km) inland
SAGUENAY FJORD—several villages are located on the shore
SAGUENAY FJORD—several villages are located on the shore
SAGUENAY FJORD—the forested cliffs reach 1,150 ft (350 m) high
SAGUENAY FJORD—the forested cliffs reach 1,150 ft (350 m) high
SAGUENEY FJORD—many hiking paths flank the water
SAGUENEY FJORD—many hiking paths flank the water
SAGUENEY FJORD—numerous waterfalls flow into the river in the fjord
SAGUENEY FJORD—numerous waterfalls flow into the river in the fjord
SAGUENEY FJORD—Notre-Dame-du-Saguenay Statue
SAGUENEY FJORD—Notre-Dame-du-Saguenay Statue
LOUISBOURG, NOVA SCOTIA—the Fortress was founded in 1713 and named after Louis XIV of France
LOUISBOURG, NOVA SCOTIA—the Fortress was founded in 1713 and named after Louis XIV of France
LOUISBOURG—the Fortress was reconstructed beginning in 1961 using many original stones
LOUISBOURG—the Fortress was reconstructed beginning in 1961 using many original stones
LOUISBOURG—the Governor's Apartments, a Chapel, and the King's Bastion Barracks were in this large building
LOUISBOURG—the Governor's Apartments, a Chapel, and the King's Bastion Barracks were in this large building
LOUISBOURG—the Barracks housed more than 500 men, 14± in each room, 2 to a bed
LOUISBOURG—the Barracks housed more than 500 men, 14± in each room, 2 to a bed
LOUISBOURG—many of the staff dress in period-style clothing which is a faithful reproductions of colonial garb
LOUISBOURG—many of the staff dress in period-style clothing which is a faithful reproductions of colonial garb
LOUISBOURG—one-quarter of the town in the Fortress was also reconstructed with authentic materials
LOUISBOURG—one-quarter of the town in the Fortress was also reconstructed with authentic materials
LOUISBOURG—small 18th century house
LOUISBOURG—small 18th century house
LOUISBOURG—interiors house original and reproductions of colonial items
LOUISBOURG—interiors house original and reproductions of colonial items
LOUISBOURG—the Cross of Louisbourg, with the French royal fleur-de-lis on three branches
LOUISBOURG—the Cross of Louisbourg, with the French royal fleur-de-lis on three branches
QUEBEC CITY, QUEBEC—La Citadelle, oldest fort in Canada, founded 1609
QUEBEC CITY, QUEBEC—La Citadelle, oldest fort in Canada, founded 1609
QUEBEC CITY—the Fort contains the residence of the Governor General of Canada, a regimental museum, and other buildings
QUEBEC CITY—the Fort contains the residence of the Governor General of Canada, a regimental museum, and other buildings
QUEBEC CITY—Château Frontenac hotel, opened in 1893 as the first of the grand railway hotels
QUEBEC CITY—Château Frontenac hotel, opened in 1893 as the first of the grand railway hotels
QUEBEC CITY—the hotel dominates the skyline from any direction
QUEBEC CITY—the hotel dominates the skyline from any direction
QUEBEC CITY—St. John Gate, part of the walls of the only fortified city north of Mexico with walls still standing
QUEBEC CITY—St. John Gate, part of the walls of the only fortified city north of Mexico with walls still standing
QUEBEC CITY—fall colors in Quebec City
QUEBEC CITY—fall colors in Quebec City
QUEBEC CITY—monument in Place d'Armes, the heart of Old Quebec, a World Heritage Site
QUEBEC CITY—monument in Place d'Armes, the heart of Old Quebec, a World Heritage Site
QUEBEC CITY—many restaurants (French, of course) line the streets in historic old buildings
QUEBEC CITY—many restaurants (French, of course) line the streets in historic old buildings
QUEBEC CITY—you can be forgiven for thinking you're in Europe
QUEBEC CITY—you can be forgiven for thinking you're in Europe
QUEBEC CITY—lovely fountain
QUEBEC CITY—lovely fountain
QUEBEC CITY—the Lower Town of Old Quebec has many sights of interest
QUEBEC CITY—the Lower Town of Old Quebec has many sights of interest
QUEBEC CITY—nicely preserved old building
QUEBEC CITY—nicely preserved old building
QUEBEC CITY—brick and stone buildings; trendy shops; tiny eateries
QUEBEC CITY—brick and stone buildings; trendy shops; tiny eateries
QUEBEC—fall colors outside of the city
QUEBEC—fall colors outside of the city
QUEBEC—blazing orange tree
QUEBEC—blazing orange tree
MONTMORENCY FALLS—just outside the city; 99 feet higher than Niagara Falls
MONTMORENCY FALLS—just outside the city; 99 feet higher than Niagara Falls
BASILICA OF SAINTE-ANNE-DE-BEAUPRÉ, QUEBEC—oldest Catholic pilgrimage site in North America, since 1658
BASILICA OF SAINTE-ANNE-DE-BEAUPRÉ, QUEBEC—oldest Catholic pilgrimage site in North America, since 1658
BASILICA OF SAINTE-ANNE-DE-BEAUPRÉ—monumental interior in Romanesque revival style
BASILICA OF SAINTE-ANNE-DE-BEAUPRÉ—monumental interior in Romanesque revival style
BASILICA OF SAINTE-ANNE-DE-BEAUPRÉ—miraculous statue and relic of St. Anne
BASILICA OF SAINTE-ANNE-DE-BEAUPRÉ—miraculous statue and relic of St. Anne
BASILICA OF SAINTE-ANNE-DE-BEAUPRÉ—votives left by people who have been miraculously cured
BASILICA OF SAINTE-ANNE-DE-BEAUPRÉ—votives left by people who have been miraculously cured
BAR HARBOR, ME, USA—harbor shoreline
BAR HARBOR, ME, USA—harbor shoreline
BAR HARBOR—restaurants surround a boat dock
BAR HARBOR—restaurants surround a boat dock
BAR HARBOR—late summer tourists in the harbor
BAR HARBOR—late summer tourists in the harbor
BAR HARBOR—promontory and lighthouse on our way out for whale watching
BAR HARBOR—promontory and lighthouse on our way out for whale watching
BAR HARBOR—a few dolphins played around the boat
BAR HARBOR—a few dolphins played around the boat
BAR HARBOR—...and a seal or two checked us out
BAR HARBOR—...and a seal or two checked us out
BAR HARBOR—finally, a whale spouting...
BAR HARBOR—finally, a whale spouting...
BAR HARBOR—...and then diving
BAR HARBOR—...and then diving
BAR HARBOR—...going,
BAR HARBOR—...going,
BAR HARBOR—...going,
BAR HARBOR—...going,
BAR HARBOR—...going,
BAR HARBOR—...going,
BAR HARBOR—nearly gone, flashing its distinctive white tail
BAR HARBOR—nearly gone, flashing its distinctive white tail

96  PHOTOS

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